An Intellectual property right, acquired simply by virtue of its creation and without any filing formalities, is valid up to 70 years after the death of the author. It confers patrimonial rights (reproduction and representation rights, in particular) and moral rights (notably, the right to respect for the integrity of the work) to the author of the creation, who is always a physical person except in the case of a collective work. Only the patrimonial rights are transferable.
Any artistic or literary creation, whatever its merit, may benefit from copyright protection, if it is original, meaning that it bears the imprint of the personality of its author.
In France, a design may also benefit from a copyright provided it is original: this is the principle of “plurality of protections”.